Political Science Summaries

The star player of “Putnam’s Pin Crushers,” sadly bowling alone.


Thank you for your patience!


These summaries were prepared in 2009 by three PhD students preparing for their comprehensive exams at McGill University.  They’re not perfect, and they’re not a substitute for reading the works in question, but we do hope that they will be useful. They have sat in obscurity for a while due to a spammed wiki, but I finally found the time and have rescued most of them.  Now the priority is to get them back online as soon as possible.

Additions and corrections are always welcome, and should be sent directly to me either by e-mail or twitter.


  1. Sending corrections or updates to be included
  2. Linking to this page
  3. Including a gushing acknowledgement in your dissertation.

Mostly though, it’s just nice to itnow that they are getting used – so why not shoot me a quick message on twitter @markdaku? I’d love to know that these things that we sweat and bled over are still helping people with their horrible life decision to pursue a political science graduate degree…

Comparative Politics

Classical Sources

Karl Marx, Capital, Volume One.

Émile Durkheim, The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life or The Rules of the Sociological Method.

Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America or The Old Regime and the French Revolution.

John Stuart Mill, A System of Logic, Book III, Chapter 8, Sections 1,2 [Method of Agreement, Method of Difference].

Max Weber, Economy and Society, Volume One.

Joseph Schumpeter, Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy (1942), Chapters 22, 23.

Comparative Methodology

Quasi-Experimental Research Design and Comparative Method

Adam Przeworski and Henry Teune, The Logic of Comparative Social Inquiry (2000 [1970]) Chapters 1, 2.

Arend Lijphart, Comparative politics and the comparative method”, APSR (1971), pp. 682-693.

Gary King, Robert Keohane and Sidney Verba, Designing Social Inquiry (1994), pp. 3-63.

Issues and Criticisms

Peter A. Hall, “Aligning ontology and methodology in comparative politics”, in James  Mahoney and Dietrich Rueschemeyer (eds.) Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences (2003), Chapter 11.

Charles Ragin, The Comparative Method. (1987), Chapters 1, 2, 4, 5, 8.

James Mahoney, “Qualitative methodology and comparative politics”, Comparative Political Studies 40 (2007), pp. 122-144.

Bear F. Braumoeller and Gary Goertz, “The methodology of necessary conditions”, AJPS 44 (2000), pp. 844-858.

Paul Pierson, Politics in Time (2004), Chapter 3.

Robert Bates et. al. Analytic Narratives (1998), Introduction and Conclusion.

Charles Ragin and Howard Becker, What Is a Case? (1992), Chapters 3, 4.

Peter Hedstrom and Richard Swedberg (eds.), Social Mechanisms: An Analytical Approach to Social Theory (1998), Chapter 1.

Ronald Rogowski, How inference in the social (but not the physical) sciences neglects theoretical anomaly”, in Henry Brady and David Collier (eds.) Rethinking Social Inquiry (2004), Chapter 5.

David Collier and James Mahoney, “Insights and pitfalls: selection bias in qualitative research,” World Politics 48 (1996), pp. 56-91.

R. Adcock and David Collier, “Measurement validity: A shared standard for qualitative and quantitative research”, APSR (2001), pp. 529-546.

Marc Howard Ross, “Galton’s problem in cross-national research” World Politics 29 (1976), pp. 1-28.

James Fearon, “Counterfactuals and hypothesis testing in political science”, World Politics 43 (1991), pp. 169-195.

Alan S. Gerber, Donald P. Green, and Edward H. Kaplan, “The illusion of learning from observational research”, in Ian Shapiro, Rogers Smith, and Tarek Massoud, Problems and Methods in the Study of Politics. (2004), pp. 251-73.

Theda Skocpol and Margaret Somers, “The uses of comparative history in macro-social theory” Comparative Studies in Society and History 22 (1980), pp. 174-197.

George Tsebelis, Nested Games (1991), Introduction, Chapter 1.

Alexander George and Andrew Bennett, Case Studies and Theory Development (2005).

Bryan D. Jones, Politics and the Architecture of Choice: Bounded rationality and  governance (2001), Chapters 1-6.

Alasdair MacIntyre, “Is a science of comparative politics possible?” in Alasdair MacIntyre, Against the Self-Images of the Age (1971), pp. 260-279.

Mark Okrent, “Hermeneutics, transcendental philosophy and social science”, Inquiry  (1984), pp. 23-49.

George Hendrik von Wright, Explanation and Understanding (2004 [1971]), Chapter 1.

Thematic Literatures

States, Institutions & Constitutions

Origins and Evolution of States

Hendrik Spruyt, The Sovereign State and its Competitors (1994).

Thomas Ertman, Birth of the Leviathan (1997), Chapters 1, 7.

Daniel Philpott, Revolution in Sovereignty (2001), Chapter 5.

Ernest Barker, The Development of Public Services in Western Europe, 1660-1930.

Mancur Olson, “The criminal metaphor”, in Mancur Olson, Power and Prosperity (2000), pp. 3-24.

Charles Tilly (ed.) The Formation of National States in Western Europe (1975), especially pages 1-242.

Douglas C. North, Structure and Change in Economic History (1982), Chapter 3.

Harold Berman, Law and Revolution (1984), especially Introduction, 2, 4, 13, 14,Conclusion.

Michael Taylor, Anarchy and Cooperation (1976), Chapter 1.
Ronald Cohen and Elmer R. Service (eds.) Origins of the State. (1978). Introduction.

J. P. Nettl, “The state as a conceptual variable,” World Politics 20 (1968), pp. 559-592.

Theda Skocpol, “Bringing the state back in: strategies of analysis in current research,” in P. Evans, D. Rueschemeyer and T. Skocpol, eds., Bringing the State Back In (1985).

Further Variations on a Theme

Peter Evans, Embedded Autonomy. States and Industrial Transformation (1995).

Peter Evans, “The eclipse of the state? Reflections on stateness in the era of comparative globalization”, World Politics 51 (1999), pp. 62-87.

Abram de Swann, In Care of the State (1988), pp. 218-257

Chalmers Johnson, “The developmental state: odyssey of a concept” in Meredith Woo-Cummings (ed.) The Developmental State (1999), pp. 32-60.

Robert Jackson and Carl Rosberg, “Why Africa’s weak states persist: the empirical and the juridical in statehood,” World Politics 35: 1-24.

Catherine Boone, Political Topographies of the African State (2003), Chapters 1, 5.

Jeffrey Herbst, States and Power in Africa (2000).

William Reno, Warlord Politics and African States (1998), Chapters 1, 7.

Clifford Geertz, Negara: The Theatre-State in Nineteen Century Bali (1981), Introduction and Conclusion.

James C. Scott, Seeing Like a State (1999), Chapters1, 2.

George Steinmetz (ed.) State/Culture: State-formation after the cultural turn (1999).

Joel Migdal, Atul Kohli and Vivienne Shue, (eds.) State Power and Social Forces. (2007[1994]).

Joel Migdal, Strong States and Weak Societies. (1988).

Miquel Angel Centeno, Blood and Debt: War and the nation-state in Latin America (2003).

Barbara Geddes, Politician’s Dilemma: Building state capacity in Latin America (1996), Chapters 1, 2.

Steven Heydemann (ed.), War, Institutions and Change in the Middle East (2001), Chapter 1.

Giacomo Luciani (ed.) The Arab State (1990), Chapter by Harik.


Peter Hall and Rosemary Taylor, “Political science and the three new institutionalisms”,Political Studies 44 (1996), pp. 936-957.

James March and Johan P. Olsen, “Institutional perspectives on political institutions”,Governance 9 (1996), pp. 247-264.

Ellen M. Immergut, “The theoretical core of the new institutionalism”, Politics and Society 26 (1998), pp. 5-34.

Kathleen Thelen, How institutions evolve. Insights from comparative historical analysis” in Mahoney and Reuschemeyer (eds.) Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences (2003), Chapter 6.

Ruth Berins Collier and David Collier, Shaping the Political Arena. (1991), Chapter 1.

Kathleen Thelen and Sven Steinmo, (eds.) Structuring Politics: Historical Institutionalism in Comparative Analysis (1992). Selected chapters to be assigned.

Peter A. Hall, Governing the Economy (1986), Chapters 1, 10.

Elinor Ostrom, Governing the Commons: The evolution of institutions for collective action (1990).

Franz Schimmelfennig et. al. (eds.) The Europeanization of Central and Eastern Europe (2005), Introduction.

Valerie Bunce, Subversive Institutions (2000).

Avner Greif and David Laitin, A theory of endogenous institutional change”, APSR (2004), pp. 633-652.

Adam Przeworski, “The last instance: are institutions the primary cause of economic development?” European Journal of Sociology 45 (2004) 165-188.

George Tsebelis, “Veto points and institutional analysis”, Governance 13 (2000), pp. 441-474.

Jack Knight, Institutions and Social Conflict (2004[1992]), Chapters 3, 5.

Kenneth A. Shepsle, “Studying institutions: Some lessons from the rational choice approach”, Journal of Theoretical Politics 1 (1989), pp. 131-147.

Mark Blyth, “The transformation of the Swedish model: Economic ideas, distributional conflict, and institutional change”, World Politics 54 (2001), pp. 1-26.


Cass Sunstein, Designing Democracy: What Constitutions Do. (2002).

Giovanni Sartori, Comparative Constitutional Engineeering (1997, 2nd ed.).

G. Brennan and James M. Buchanan, The Reason of Rules: Constitutional political economy (1985). Selected chapters to be assigned.

Douglas North and Barry Weingast, “Constitutions and commitment: The evolution of institutions governing public choice in seventeenth century England”, Journal of Economic History 49 (1989), pp. 803-833.

Alec Stone-Sweet, The Judicial Construction of Europe (2004), Chapter 2.

Nathan Brown, Constitutions in a Nonconstitutional World (2002). Introduction, Chapters 1, 6.

Barbara Koremenos, Charles Lipson and Duncan Snidal, (eds.) The Rational Design of International Institutions (2003), Chapter 1.

Mikhail Filippova et. al. Designing Federalism (2004), Chapter 2.

Jon Elster, Claus Offe and Ulrich Preuss, Institutional Design in Post-Communist Societies (1998), Chapters 1, 8.

Donald Horowitz, Democratic South Africa? Constitutional Engineering in a Divided Society (1991).

Scott Mainwaring and Mathew Shugart, Presidentialism and Democracy in Latin America (1997), Chapters 1, 11.

Juan Linz and Arturo Valenzuela, The Failure of Presidential Democracy: Comparative perspectives. (1994).

Alfred Stepan and Cindy Skach, “Constitutional frameworks and democratic consolidation”, World Politics 46 (1993), pp. 1-22.

Paul Pierson, “The limits of design”, Governance 13 (2000), pp. 475-499.

Eric Uslaner, “Field of dreams: The weak reeds of institutional design”, in Karol Soltan et. al. [eds.] Institutions and Social Order (1998), pp. 101-130.

Political Development

Barrington Moore Jr., The Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy (1966).

Theda Skocpol, “A critical review of Barrington Moore’s Social Origins”, Politics and Society 4 (1973), pp. 1-34.

Robert Brenner, “Agrarian structures and economic development in pre-industrial Europe”, Past and Present (1976), pp. 30-75.

Thomas Ertman, “Democracy and dictatorship in interwar Europe revisited”, World Politics 50 (1998), pp. 475-503.

Daron Acemoglu and James A. Robinson, Economic Origins of Democracy and Dictatorship (2006), Chapters 2, 11.

Ian Lustick, “History, historiography and political science”, APSR 90 (1996), pp. 605-618.

Alexander Gerschenkron, Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective (1962), Chapter 1.

Ernest Gellner, Nations and Nationalism (1983), Chapters 1, 2.

Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities (1991, rev. ed.).

Anthony Smith, Chosen Peoples: Sacred sources of national identity (2003).

Samuel Huntington, Political Order in Changing Societies (1968).

Mark Kesselman, “Order or movement: The literature of political development as ideology”, World Politics 26 (1973), pp. 139-154.

Mitchell Seligson and J. Passé-Smith, Development and Underdevelopment: the political economy of underdevelopment (1993).

Fernando Cardoso and Ernesto Faletto, Dependency and Development in Latin America (1979).

Immanuel Wallerstein, The Capitalist World Economy (1979), pp. 1-36.

J. Samuel Valenzuela and Arturo Valenzuela, “Modernization and dependency: Alternative perspectives on the study of Latin American underdevelopment”, Comparative Politics 10 (1978), pp. 535-557.

Guillermo O’Donnell, Modernization and Bureaucratic Authoritarianism (1979).

Robert H. Bates (ed.) Toward a Political Economy of Development (1988), Chapters 4, 5, 7, 10.

Ronald Rogowski, Commerce and Coalitions (1990), Chapters 1, 4.

Atul Kohli, State-Directed Development. (2004).

Atul Kohli, The State and Poverty in India. (1986). Selected chapters to be assigned.

Gary Gereffi and D. Wyman (eds.) Manufacturing Miracles: paths of industrialization in Latin America and East Asia (1990).

S. Haggard and Robert Kaufman (eds.) The Politics of Economic Adjustment (1992).

John Waterbury, Exposed to Innumerable Delusions: Public enterprise and state power in Egypt, India and Turkey (1993).

John Williamson, “Democracy and the ‘Washington consensus’,” World Development 21 (1993), pp. 1329-36.

F. Cheru, “Structural adjustment, primary resource trade and sustainable development”, World Development 20 (1992), pp. 498-512.

Vivek Chibber, Locked in Place: State building and late industrialization in India (2003), Chapter 2.

Erik Wibbels, Dependency revisited: International markets, business cycles and social spending in the developing world” International Organization 60 (2006), pp. 433-468.

Robert Bates, Markets and States in Tropical Africa (1981), pp. 1-35.

Sue Charlton, Jana Everett and Kathleen Staudt, Women, the State and Development (1989), pp. 1-19, 177-190.

Irene Tinker, Persistent Inequalities: Women and World Development. (1990).

L. Benería, “Reproduction, production and the sexual division of labour,” Cambridge Journal of Economics 3 (1979), pp. 203-225.

Adam Przeworski and Ferdinand Limongi, “Modernization: Facts and theories” World Politics 49 (1997), pp. 155-183.

Peter Hall and David Soskice (eds.), Varieties of Capitalism (2001).

Herbert Kitschelt, Continuity and Change in Contemporary Capitalism. (1999).

Gosta-Esping Andersen, The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism. (1989).

Miquel Glatzer and Dietrich Reuschemeyer (eds.) Globalization and the Future of the Welfare State (2005), Conclusion.

Depresh Chakrabarty, Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial thought and historical difference (2000), Chapter 1, Epilogue.

Alejandro Portes, “Modernity and development: a critique,” Studies in Comparative International Development 9 (1974), pp. 247-79.

Political Culture, Civil Society, Social Capital, Political Participation

Gabriel Almond and Sidney Verba, The Civic Culture (1963), Chapter 1.

Gabriel Almond and Sidney Verba, The Civic Culture Revisited (1980), Chapter 1.

Clifford Geertz, “Ideology as a cultural system”, in Clifford Geertz, The Interpretation of Cultures (1973).

David J. Elkins and Richard B. Simeon, “A cause in search of its effect, or what does political culture explain?” Comparative Politics 11 (1979), pp. 127-146.

David Laitin and Aaron Wildavsky, “Political culture and political preferences”, APSR 82 (1988), pp. 589-593.

Daniel Posner, “The political salience of cultural difference: Why Chewas and Tumbukas are allies in Zambia and adversaries in Malawi”, APSR 98 (2004), pp. 529-545.

Ronald Inglehart, “The renaissance of political culture”, APSR 82 (1988), pp. 1203-1230.

R. Jackman and R. Miller, “A renaissance of political culture?” AJPS 40 (1996), pp. 632- 659.

Mitchell A. Seligson, “The renaissance of political culture or the renaissance of the ecological fallacy?’ Comparative Political Studies (2002), pp. 272-292.

Mark Howard Ross, “Culture and identity in comparative political analysis”, in Mark Lichbach and Alan Zuckerman (eds.), Comparative Politics: Structure, Culture, Rationality (1997), pp. 42-80.

Rogers Brubaker and Frederick Cooper, “Beyond identity”, Theory and Society (2000), pp. 1-47.

Ronald Inglehart and Christian Welzel, Modernization, Cultural Change and Democracy (2005), Chapters 1-7.

Seymour Martin Lipset, Political Man (1981 rev. ed.), Chapter 2.

Samuel Barnes and Max Kasse (1979). Political Action: Mass participation in five western democracies. (1979).

Nancy Burns, Kay Schlozman and Sidney Verba, The Private Roots of Public Action: Gender, equality and political participation (2001).

Robert Putnam, Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy (1993), Chapters 1, 6.

Filippo Sabetti, “Path dependency and civic culture: some lessons from Italy about interpreting social experiments”, Politics and Society 24 (1996), pp. 19-44.

Nancy Bermeo and Philip Nord, (eds.) Civil Society Before Democracy: Lessons from nineteenth century Europe. (2000).

Dietlind Stolle and Marc Hooghe, “Inaccurate, exceptional, one-sided or irrelevant? The debate about the alleged decline of social capital and civic engagement in Western democracies”, British Journal of Political Science 35 (2005), pp. 149-167.

Theda Skocpol and Morris P. Fiorina, (eds.), Civic Engagement in American Democracy (1999).

Sheri Berman, “Civil society and the collapse of the Weimar Republic”, World Politics (1997), pp. 401-429.

Michael Bratton, ‘Beyond the state: civil society and associational life in Africa”, World Politics 41 (1989), pp. 407-430.

Rex Brynen et. al. Political Liberalization and Democratization in the Arab World. (1994), vol.1, Chapters by Anderson and Hudson.

Joshua Cohen and Andrew Arato, Civil Society and Political Theory (1992), pp. 1-92.

James Coleman, Foundations of Social Theory (2000), Chapter 12.

Ashutosh Varshney, “Ethnic conflict and civil society: India and beyond”, World Politics 53 (2001), pp. 362-398.

Jonathan Fox, How does civil society thicken? The political construction of social capital in rural Mexico”, World Development 24 (1996), pp. 1089-1103.

Russell Hardin et. al. Cooperation Without Trust? (2007), Chapter 6.

Philip Oxhorn, “From controlled inclusion to coerced marginalization: the struggle for civil society in Latin America,” in J. Hall, ed., Civil Society: Theory, History and Comparison (1995).

Political Regimes, Democratic Transitions, Democratic Consolidation

Geraldo Munck and Jay Verkuilen, “Conceptualizing and measuring democracy: Evaluating alternative indices”, Comparative Political Studies 35 (2002), pp. 5-34.

David Collier and Steven Levitsky, “Democracy with adjectives: Conceptual innovation in comparative politics”, World Politics 49 (1997), pp. 430-451.

Robert Dahl, Polyarchy. (1971).

Arend Lijphart, “The puzzle of Indian democracy: A consociational interpretation”, APSR 90 (1996), pp. 258-268.

Arend Lijphart, “Democratic political systems”, Journal of Theoretical Politics 1 (1989), pp. 33-48.

George Tsebelis, Veto Players (2000), Chapter 3.

Adam Przeworski, “Minimalist democracy: A defense”, in Ian Shapiro and Casiano Hacker-Cordón (eds.) Democracy’s Values (1999), Chapter 2.

Frederick Schaffer, Democracy in Translation. Understanding Politics in an Unfamiliar Culture (1998), Chapter 1.

Dietrich Rueschemeyer, Evelyn Huber Stephens and John D. Stephens, Capitalist Development and Democracy (1982).

Adam Przeworski et. al. Democracy and Development. Political institutions and wellbeing in the world, 1950-1990 (2000), Chapters 1, 2.

Carles Boix and Susan Stokes, “Endogenous democratization”, World Politics 55 (2003), pp. 517-549.

Eva Bellin, “Contingent democrats: Industrialists, labor and democratization in latedeveloping countries”, World Politics 52 (2000), pp. 175-205.

Michael Ross, “Does oil hinder democracy”, 53 (2001), pp. 325-361.

Jill Crystal, Authoritarianism and its adversaries in the Arab world”, World Politics 46 (1994), pp. 262-289.

Rex Brynen et. al. Political Liberalization and Democratization in the Arab World. (1994), vol.1, Introduction, Chapters by Anderson and Hudson.

G. Waylen, Women and democratization: Conceptualizing gender relations in transition politics”, World Politics 46 (1994), pp. 327-354.

Valerie Bunce, “Rethinking recent democratization: Lessons from the postcommunist experience” World Politics 55 (2003), pp. 167-192.

Kathleen Collins, The Logic of Clan Politics in Central Asia: Its Impact on Regime Transformation (2006), Chapter 2.

Daniel Ziblatt, How did Europe democratize?” World Politics 58 (2006), pp. 311-338.

Guillermo O’Donnell, Philippe C. Schmitter and Laurence Whitehead (eds.) Transitions From Authoritarian Rule: Comparative Perspectives (1986).

Carles Boix Democracy and Redistribution (2003), Chapter 1.

Youssef Cohen, Radicals, Reformers and Reactionaries. The prisoner’s dilemma and the collapse of democracy in Latin America (1994), Chapters 5, 8.

Michael Bratton and Nicholas Van de Walle, Democratic Experiments in Africa (2002).

Gregorz Ekiert and Stephen E. Hanson, (eds.) Capitalism and Democracy in Central and Eastern Europe (2003).

Richard Anderson et. al. (eds.). Postcommunism and the Theory of Democracy. (2001).

Samuel Huntington, The Third Wave. (1991).

Barbara Geddes, “What do we know about democratization after twenty years?” Annual Review of Political Science 2 (1999), pp. 115-144.

Nancy Bermeo, “What the democratization literature says – or doesn’t say – about postwar democratization,” Governance 9 (2003), pp. 159-177.

Thomas Carothers, “The end of the transition paradigm” Journal of Democracy 13 (2002), pp. 5-21.



Political Parties, Electoral Systems, Voting Behavior

Adam Przeworski, Capitalism and Social Democracy (1984), Chapter 3.

Herbert Kitschelt, Logics of Party Formation. Ecological Politics in Belgium and West Germany (1989), Chapter 1.

Stathis Kalyvas, The Rise of Christian Democracy in Europe. (1996). Chapters 1, 2, Conclusion.

Pippa Norris, Electoral Engineering: Voting rules and political behavior (2004).

George Tsebelis, Nested Games (1990), Chapter 5.

Scott Mainwaring and Timothy R. Scully Building Democratic institutions: Party systems in Latin America (1995), Introduction.

Stephen Wilkinson, Votes and Violence: Electoral competition and ethnic violence in India (2006), Chapters 1, 7.

Kanchan Chandra, Why Ethnic Parties Succeed: Patronage and head counts in India (2004), Chapter 2.

Michael Bratton et. al. Public Opinion, Democracy and Market Reform in Africa (2004).

Peter Mair, Party System Change. Approaches and Interpretations. (1997).

Scott Mainwaring and Mariano Torcal, “The political recrafting of the social bases of party competition, Chile, 1973-1995”, British Journal of Political Science 33 (2003), pp. 55-84.

Jennifer Widner, “Political parties and civil societies in sub-Saharan Africa” in Marina O’Harvey (ed.) Democracy in Africa: The hard road ahead (1997). 

Henry Hale, Why Not Parties in Russia? Democracy, federalism and the state (2005), Chapter 4.

John Aldrich, Why Parties? The Origin and Transformation of Political Parties in America (1995), Chapter 2.

Herbert Kitschelt et. al. Post-Communist Party Systems. (1999).

Russell Dalton and Martin Wattenberg, Parties Without Partisans (2001).

Martin Shefter, “Party and patronage: Germany, England and Italy” Politics and Society 7 (1977), pp. 403-451.

Carles Boix, “Setting the rules of the game: the choice of electoral systems in advanced democracies”, APSR 93 (1999), pp. 609-624.

G. Bingham Powell, Elections as Instruments of Democracy (2000).

Gary Cox, Making Votes Count (2000).

Mark Franklin et. al. The Dynamics of Voter Turnout in Established Democracies Since 1945 (2004). Selected chapters to be assigned.

Pradeep Chhibber and Kenneth Kollman, Formation of National Party Systems: Federalism and party competition in Canada, Great Britain, India and the United States (2004), Chapters 1, 8.

Arthur Lupia et. al. (eds.) Elements of Reason: Cognition, Choice and the Bounds of Rationality (2000), Chapters 2, 9, 13.

Frank Zaller, The Nature and Origins of Mass Opinion (1992)

Michael Lewis-Beck, Economics and Elections: The major western democracies. (1988).

Brian Caplan, The Myth of the Rational Voter (2007), Chapter 2.

Geoffrey Evans (ed.) The End of Class Politics? (1999).

Seymour Martin Lipset and Stein Rokkan, “Cleavage structures, party systems and voter alignments, in Lipset and Rokkan (eds.) Party Systems and Voter Alignments (1967), pp. 1-64.

Maurice Duverger Political Parties (1963 [1954]).

Angus Campbell et. al. The American Voter (1960). Sections I-III.

Anthony Downs, An Economic Theory of Democracy (1957).

Philip E. Converse, ‘The nature of belief systems in mass publics”, in David Apter (ed.) Ideology and Discontent (1964).

Governments and Legislatures: Composition, Policies, Duration

Kaare Strom, Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies (2006).

Michael Laver and Kenneth A. Shepsle, Making and Breaking Governments: Cabinets and legislatures in parliamentary democracies (1996).

Michael Laver and Kenneth Shepsle, ‘Government accountability in parliamentary democracy”, in Bernard Manin, Susan Stokes and Adam Prezeworski, Democracy, Accountability and Representation (2003), Chapter 9.

David Mayhew, America’s Congress (2000).

John W. Kingdon, Agendas, Alternatives and Public Policies (1984).

Deborah Stone, “Causal stories and formation of policy agendas”, Political Science Quarterly 104 (1989), pp. 289-300.

Frank R. Baumgartner and Bryan D. Jones, Agendas and Instability in American Politics (1993).

George Tsebelis and E. Aleman, “The history of conditional agenda setting in Latin America”, Latin American Research Review 40 (2005), pp. 3-26.

Herbert Kitschelt and David Wilkinson, (eds.) Patrons, Clients and Policies (2007), Chapters 1, 7.

Michael M. Atkinson and William D. Coleman, “Strong states and weak states: sectoral policy networks in advanced capitalist economies”, British Journal of Political Science 19 (1989), pp. 747-767.

George Tsebelis and Jeanette Money, Bicameralism (1997), Chapters 1, 2, 7.

David P. Baron, “Comparative dynamics of parliamentary government”, APSR 92 (1998), pp. 593-609.

Jean Blondel, Comparative Legislatures (1973).

Lester M. Salamon, (ed.) The Tools of Government: A guide to the new governance (2002).

Peter John, Analysing Public Policy (1998).

Jim Forrester, “Bounded rationality and the politics of muddling through” Public Administration Review 44 (1984), pp. 23-30.

Charles Lindblom, “Still muddling, not yet through”, Public Administration Review 39 (1959), pp. 517-529.

William Wallace et. al. (eds.). Policy-Making in the European Union. (2005).

Evelyn Huber and John D. Stephens, Development and Crisis of the Welfare State: parties and policies in global markets. (2001).

Duane Swank, Political Institutions and Policy Changes in Developed Welfare States (2002).

Jonas Pontusson, “From comparative public policy to political economy: Putting political institutions in their place and taking interests seriously,” Comparative Political Studies 28 (1995), pp. 117-147.

Stephan Haggard and Matthew McCubbins, (eds.) Presidents, Parliaments and Policy (2001).

Elinor Ostrom, L. Schroeder and S. Wynne, Institutional Incentives and Sustainable Development: Infrastructure policies in perspective. (1993).

Aaron Wildavsky, Budgeting: A comparative theory of the budgeting process. (1986).

Contentious Politics, Rebellions, Revolution

Susanne Lohmann, “The dynamics of informational cascades: The Monday demonstrations in Leipzig, East Germany, 1989–91”, World Politics 47: 42–101 .

Stathis Kalyvas, The Logic of Violence in Civil War (2006).

Charles Tilly et. al. The Politics of Collective Violence (2003).

Sidney Tarrow et. al. The New Transnational Activism (2005).

Jeremy Weinstein, Inside Rebellion (2006).

Donald Horowitz, The Deadly Ethnic Riot (2003), Chapters 1, 13.

Donald Horowitz, Ethnic Groups in Conflict 2nd ed. (2000).

Cythnia Enloe, Ethnic Soldiers: State security in divided societies (1980).

Thomas McKenna, Muslim Rulers and Rebels: Everyday politics and armed separatism in the southern Philippines (1998).

James C. Scott, Weapons of the Weak: Everyday forms of peasant resistance. (1985), Chapters 1, 2, 6, 8.

James C. Scott, The Moral Economy of the Peasant; Rebellion and subsistence in Southeast Asia. (1976).

David Laitin, Identity in Formation. (1998). Parts One and Four and Chapters 12, 13.

Rogers Brubaker, Nationalism Reframed (1996).

Diego Gambetta (ed.), Making Sense of Suicide Missions (2005), Chapter 7.

David Lake and Donald Rothschild, (eds.) The International Spread of Ethnic Conflict (1998).

Stuart Kaufmann, Modern Hatreds (2001).

Arend Lijphart, The Politics of Accommodation (1968).

Philip G. Roeder and Donald Rothchild (eds.). Sustainable Peace: Power and democracy after civil war. (2005).

Theda Skocpol, States and Social Revolutions (1979).

Jack Goldstone, (ed.) Revolutions: Theoretical, comparative and historical studies. (1994).

James Mahoney and Dietrich Reuschemeyer, (eds.) Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences (2003), Chapter 2.

**  Note: These notes are being (slowly) transitioned from an old wiki that was spammed all to hell. Bear with me here. **