Nathan Brown, Constitutions in a Nonconstitutional World (2002). Introduction, Chapters 1, 6.

Main Argument: The author is not dealing with traditional “constitutions” (i.e. written, binding documents, subject to judicial review). Brown states that non-constitutional constitutions have to be recognized by scholars even where they organize power “without limiting it” [12]. Non constitutional constitutions set the groundwork for possible future limited constraint.
== Notes ==
– Constitutions are “a weak force in Arab politics to date” [93]
– Arab political states need accountability more than a constitution
Arab constitutions have served other purposes than limiting power: [91]
– Signalling policy or ideology [92]
– Organisation and augmentation of state authority
– Underscore sovereignty in the international arena [91]
– Brown states that because the constitutions do not specify rights (ie. Free speech), it is hard to prove that they are being violated
Critique: He is critiqued here, by examples such as the Canadian constitution, where not all rights are particularly specified, yetstill remain rights –> or at least should have judicial review